Appium is an open source, cross-platform test automation tool for native, hybrid and mobile web apps, tested on simulators (iOS, FirefoxOS), emulators (Android), and real devices (iOS, Android, Windows, FirefoxOS).
1. You don’t have to recompile your app or modify it in any way, due to use of standard automation APIs on all platforms.
3. You can use any testing framework.
1. Setup on IOS
2. Mac OS X 10.10 or higher
3. Xcode 7.1 or higher is recommended, with command line tool and iOS SDK installed (iOS SDK usually included in Xcode. If your Xcode does not come with command line tool, please download it from iTunes)
4. Apple Developer certificate (for signings)
5. Brew, Node.js, Java
6. For demo iOS testing, we can download a demo app from Github
Note that for iOS 9.3 and higher, UI Automation will not support any more. Instead, Apple provides testers XCUITest. With XCUITest, Apple has given different class names to the UI elements which make up the view hierarchy. As Appium relies on system frameworks provided by Apple, for iOS 9.3 and greater, we need Appium 1.6 or higher which has built in support for XCUITest. (Source: https://github.com/appium/appium/blob/master/docs/en/advanced-concepts/migrating-to-xcuitest.md#scrolling-and-clicking)
Xcode is an integrated development environment developed by Apple, and used for iOS developers to develop software for MacOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. It is available via Mac App Store, and free to download after version 4.0. For iOS testing, we need Xcode to build demo application or applications that we want to test, run simulators, and also complete the configuration of WebDriverAgent.
Environment Configuration (for Appium XCUITest driver, iOS 9.3 or greater)
Homebrew helps testers and developers install the stuff and packages they need that Apple didn’t. After installing Homebrew, we can just use terminal (command line tool) and codes to install packages needed.
To install it, paste the following code at a terminal prompt:
/usr/bin/ruby -e “$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)”
(the code can be copied from the official website of Homebrew: http://brew.sh )
Install libimobiledevice and ideviceinstaller
libimobiledevice is a cross-platform software library that talks the protocols to support iPhone®, iPod Touch®, iPad® and Apple TV® devices.
ideviceinstaller is a system requirement for working on ios real devices. It is also a part of libimobiledevice suite of tools.
Paste the following code at a terminal prompt:
brew install libimobiledevice –HEAD
brew install ideviceinstaller
(A useful discussion around libimobiledevice and ideviceinstaller here: https://github.com/libimobiledevice/ideviceinstaller/issues/58 )
brew install carthage
Carthage is a framework dependency manager, and used to manage our projects’ dependencies. Carthage is intended to be the simplest way to add frameworks to your Cocoa application. (Cocoa is Apple‘s native object-oriented application programming interface (API) for their operating system macOS.)
(For more details: https://github.com/Carthage/Carthage )
Download and install Node.js
After installing Node.js, we can use npm to install Appium using terminal prompt.
Or,use brew and paste the following code at a terminal prompt:
brew install node
npm install -g ios-deploy
Install Ruby and xcpretty
gem install xcpretty
Xcpretty is a fast and flexible formatter for Xcode build. It is a utility that will transform Xcode’s output into a format that is easy to understand and browse quickly.
Install Appium 1.6.5 or above if available
npm install –g appium
This will install the latest version of Appium. Otherwise we can just define which version we want to install using e.g. npm install -g firstname.lastname@example.org
Install Appium-XCUITest-driver dependency
mkdir -p Resources/WebDriverAgent.bundlesh
Then download Appium desktop, which is GUI of Appium server and inspector.
For any question, please refer to the ReadMe on github: https://github.com/appium/appium-desktop
WebDriverAgent helps us to focus on a particular app. WebDriverAgent is a WebDriver server implementation for iOS that can be used to remote control iOS devices. It allows you to launch & kill applications, tap & scroll views or confirm view presence on a screen. This makes it a perfect tool for application end-to-end testing or general purpose device automation. It works by linking XCTest.framework and calling Apple’s API to execute commands directly on a device. WebDriverAgent is developed and used at Facebook for end-to-end testing and is successfully adopted by Appium.
So normally we can get WebDriverAgent when installing Appium. But for some versions of Appium WebDriverAgent may not be there. So if required, download WebDriverAgent from