Smock Testing VS. Sanity Testing

SMOKE TESTING:

  • Smoke testing originated in the hardware testing practice of turning on a new piece of hardware for the first time and considering it a success if it does not catch fire and smoke. In software industry, smoke testing is a shallow and wide approach whereby all areas of the application without getting into too deep, is tested.
  • A smoke test is scripted, either using a written set of tests or an automated test
  • A Smoke test is designed to touch every part of the application in a cursory way. It’s shallow and wide.
  • Smoke testing is conducted to ensure whether the most crucial functions of a program are working, but not bothering with finer details. (Such as build verification).
  • Smoke testing is normal health check up to a build of an application before taking it to testing in depth.

So, smoke testing is designed to test new feathers of a system, it is wide but not deep. By doing this, we can decide whether we need to do further testing.

For example, if a tester is asked to find out all the impurities of a river. Smoke testing is just for finding out all the impurities at the surface of the river, widely but not deeply.

SANITY TESTING:

  • A sanity test is a narrow regression test that focuses on one or a few areas of functionality. Sanity testing is usually narrow and deep.
  • A sanity test is usually unscripted.
  • A Sanity test is used to determine a small section of the application is still working after a minor change.
  • Sanity testing is a cursory testing, it is performed whenever a cursory testing is sufficient to prove the application is functioning according to specifications. This level of testing is a subset of regression testing.
  • Sanity testing is to verify whether requirements are met or not, checking all features breadth-first.

Sanity is narrow but quite deep. It focuses on a particular or some particular feathers.

For example, find out all the impurities of the river, but only for a particular area, say like within 30 mile radius.

(Source: http://www.softwaretestinghelp.com/smoke-testing-and-sanity-testing-difference)

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